Crohn’s Disease, Exercise, And Sports

Is there a way you can stop being a prisoner to Crohn’s Disease and enjoy a healthy and active lifestyle like everybody else? Well I have, but it’s not easy, it takes work, but I did it and you can too!

I’m a Crohn’s Disease survivor of 39 years; I’ll be turning 60 this December. Before the doctors diagnosed the reason for the stomach cramps, weight loss, low energy, and bouts of diarrhea, I preferred not leaving the house. I had few friends, because, I never felt good enough to join them in doing anything. I finally got relief from the Crohn’s in 1971 with emergency surgery to resection my intestine that had become perforated, in the area of the small bowel and ileum. Several inches of my diseased intestines were cut out and I was told I’d never be normal again.

Many of the Crohn’s Disease symptoms stopped after the surgery except for the diarrhea and inflammation, but I decided that I had to do something to insure my improved health and get it back to normal as nearly as possible. Anyway, I had always loved participating in sports, (before getting sick) so I started a regiment of daily exercise. I walked, ran, rode bicycle, started playing softball again, did water/snow skiing, and even took up weight lifting. After all, I was sore and just skin and bones after the surgery. I just didn’t want to feel healthier; I wanted to look healthier too. You know what, the more active I became the more active I felt, and the more I felt like doing more and more things!

I do, even to this day experience some symptoms of Crohn’s disease (who doesn’t), but for all practical purposes I’m able to Control them. I’m nearly sixty and am able to do everything I could do in my twenties! What is one of the key secrets? I believe its daily exercise. Lately I’ve done some research on the effects of exercise on Crohn’s Disease and this is what I’ve found.

In an article written by Mayo Clinic staff members, it is emphasized that stress can be linked to Crohn’s Disease flare-ups, but this can be controlled with exercise. “Although stress doesn’t cause Crohn’s Disease, it can make your signs and symptoms much worse, and may trigger flare-ups. Stressful events can range from minor annoyances to a move, job loss or the death of a loved one. When you’re stressed, your normal digestive process changes. Your stomach empties more slowly and secretes more acid. Stress can also speed or slow the passage of intestinal contents. It may also cause changes in intestinal tissue itself.”

The article goes on to say that exercise is a way to reduce stress. “Exercise, Even mild exercise can help reduce stress, relieve depression and normalize bowel function.”

In an article written in NewsCanada it says that Crohn’s Disease sufferers with bouts of abdominal discomfort can improve their health as well as their mood with exercise. A leading gastroenterologist Dr. Brian Bressler practicing in Vancouver said “Not only is exercise safe for Crohn’s patients, it can be quite beneficial, it helps reduce stress and improves your sense of well-being.” Dr. Bressler goes on to say “A low-intensity walking program has been shown to improve overall quality of life in Crohn’s patients without increasing symptoms.”

In conclusion Dr. Bressler states that with the available treatments currently available Crohn’s patients can function almost normally and can pursue the sport or fitness activity of their choice. “We have professional hockey players with Crohn’s.” Dr. Bressler notes. So no, you don’t have to be a prisoner to Crohn’s Disease, but you do have to get busy and start taking your life back with exercise and physical activity.

How To Look Like A Male Fitness Model And Attract Women

The Male Fitness Model… More Attractive To Women Than The Bodybuilder Look

Bodybuilders are such a touchy bunch. There are probably a couple of guys experiencing “roid rage” right now! I know that most bulky guys look at male fitness models and think that they are wimpy. You see many bodybuilders are under the impression that everyone wants to be as big and strong as them. They see a guy who is lifting lighter weights and doing cardio as someone who isn’t as successful in the gym as them. They mistakenly believe that bigger muscles equates to being more attractive to women. Nothing could be further from the truth!

Male Fitness Models Are Built Like Hollywood Sex Symbols

How many male sex symbols are huge and buff? Do you think any of the current Hollywood sex symbols can bench press over 400 pounds? What about stars like Brad Pitt, Matthew McConaughey, Jamie Fox, Will Smith, Jared Leto, Daniel Craig (the new James Bond), etc. Women are attracted to men with average builds, but with great muscle tone. How many men who star in Soap Operas are huge and buff? The answer is that with very rare exceptions, it pays to have a lean muscle build… not a bulky bodybuilder type look.

Male Fitness Models Have To Workout Harder Than Bodybuilders

Lifting weights and bulking up is MUCH easier than burning body fat and getting lean. I don’t care how big you are… you know it’s true! To get big, you just lift with a high volume of lifts and progressively increase the weight over time. You don’t have to be on a strict diet and you don’t have to hit cardio hard. To get lean, you have to lift to maintain your muscle mass, you have to watch what you eat, and you have to hit cardio like a maniac. The reason you see very few guys in the gym with “six pack abs” is that getting lean is tough work.

A Simple Approach to Leaning Down if You Are Bulky

Getting that lean look is actually simple, but not easy. If you are kind of bulky right now and need to lean down you just need to do a few things:

1) Perform Intense Cardio At Least 4-5 Times Per Week for 30-45 Minutes

2) Multiply Your Body Weight by 12. The Number You Get Will Be The Total Maximum Amount Of Calories You Are Allowed To Eat Each Day… Aim for Less If Possible

3) Quit Obsessing Over Strength

4) Quit Obsessing Over Protein Consumption

5) When In Doubt, Cut Back on Lifting And Increase Cardio

6) You Will See “Six Pack Abs” When You Get Lean Enough. Don’t Go Overboard With Crunches and Ab Movements. Cardio is Your Ticket To a Six Pack.

Quit Trying To Impress Guys In The Gym… The Goal Is To Impress Women

When you are hitting cardio hard and limiting your calories, you won’t get as big of a pump as you are used to. You will also most likely lose a bit of strength. The big and strong guys in the gym command respect from all the other guys in the gym. I made the decision that it was more important for me to be physically attractive to women, then it was to impress the other gym rats. I aimed to get a physique similar to Matthew McConaughey and haven’t looked back since. I don’t care if the guys in my gym think that Matthew McConaughey is a wimp… women drool over this guy.

Aim for The Male Fitness Model Look and Don’t Look Back!

Astrology’s Aquarius Lucky Days

If your birth date falls between January 21st and February 19th, you were born under the Astrology sign of Aquarius the Water Bearer. People born under this sign tend to know their basic Horoscope. But most of them don’t know that certain days of every month are extra lucky for them just because they were born an Aquarius. Read on and learn when these days are, and how you can know which hours each day are luckiest for you.

The Water Bearer and the Moon

If you were born under Aquarius, one particular phase of the Moon will bring you extra good fortune. This period corresponds with how far into the Aquarius date range you were born. For example, if you were born between January 21st and January 28th, you will be more fortunate during the days of the new Moon. If born between January 29th and February 6th, you will have more luck during the days when the moon is in it’s second quarter. If you were born between February 7th and February 14th, you will be luckier during the time of the full Moon. And lastly, if you were born in the last phase of Aquarius between February 15th and February 19th, you will be more fortunate during the days when the moon is in it’s fourth quarter.

Aquarius Lucky Days from Numerology

Two numbers are needed to find Aquarius lucky days for each month: the sign’s celestial number, which is an (8), and the Numerology value of the sign’s ruling planet, Uranus, which happens to be a (4). Adding these two numbers together gives us the sum of (12), which is then reduced to a single digit using fadic addition. That single digit is a (3). The number (3) is therefore especially lucky for persons born under Aquarius, and makes those days of the month who’s day value also reduces to a (3) days of good fortune for them. These lucky days are the 3rd, 12th, 21st, and the 30th of each month. And since three is a number of good fortune for Aquarians, they should always try to play this number in games of chance. The casino game of Blackjack, with its winning total of (21), a value which reduces to three, is almost always lucky for these people.

Lucky Hours for the Water Bearers

As stated above, the ruling planet for Aquarius is Uranus. People born under the sign of Aquarius will tend to be luckiest each day when the planet Uranus rules the sky. To determine which hours fall in this category, use the table below, and remember that the first hour of each day begins at sunrise.

Sunday: Water bearers have their strongest luck during the 3rd, 10th, 17th, and 24th hours past sunrise.

Monday: Water bearers have their strongest luck during the 7th, 14th, and 21st hours past sunrise.

Tuesday:Water bearers have their strongest luck during the 4th, 11th, and 18th hours past sunrise.

Wednesday: Water bearers have their strongest luck during the 5th, 12th, and 19th hours past sunrise.

Thursday: Water bearers have their strongest luck during the 2nd, 9th, 16th, and 23rd hours past sunrise.

Friday: Water bearers have their strongest luck during the 6th, 13th, and 20th hours past sunrise.

Saturday: Water bearers have their strongest luck during the 1st, 8th, 15th, and 22nd hours past sunrise.

Choosing a Partner for Aquarius

To bring good fortune when working in a partnership, Aquarians should pick a person who has a sign complimentary to their own. People born under Aquarius, Aries, Gemini, Leo, Libra, and Sagittarius will all make excellent partners for Aquarians.

Collecting Dolls

Do you love dolls? Do you enjoy the activity of collecting? Then this may be the hobby for you. This hobby is the second largest hobby worldwide. The earliest dolls were found in Africa, Greece, Egypt, and Rome.

Many parents have started young children to have an interest in dolls. The child may continue this interest or not. Some adults develop an interest in dolls for many reasons. Perhaps he or she was deprived of dolls when they were children or it took the adult years to acquire an interest in this hobby.

Are you interested in dolls as a financial investment? You may be disappointed to learn that not all are money makers. If investment is your motivation in this hobby do much studying and research. Knowledge will be essential as there are no guarantees for financial rewards.

What makes a doll valuable?

There are times when a contemporary doll will be more valuable than an antique, vintage, or collectible. Consider manufacturers, historical significance, the doll’s physical attributes for cuteness or beauty, celebrity status, popular athletes, famous movie and television stars, metal novelties, reborn and much more.

Knowledge will be the turnkey for deciding if a doll is an antique or vintage. Financial value is determined by the perceived value.

Other Valuable Measurements:

Love, memories, token of affections, limited quantity, desirability, originality, condition, limited editions, collectible, historic, difficult to locate, limited production, unusual or unique, highly sought after, and rare.

Collecting Tips:

  1. Know what you want and select cautiously supported with knowledge.
  2. Do not rush; take time. This helps to avoid mistakes.
  3. Maintain an inventory in order not to duplicate.
  4. Relax and enjoy each doll as you add it to your collection.

Doll locations:

  1. Department and Hobby Stores
  2. Toy stores, Specialty doll stores
  3. Online
  4. Private owners
  5. Garage, car port, and yard sales
  6. Flea markets and swap meets
  7. Antique and Collectible shops

Types of dolls:

  1. Antique – American standard 100 years old or before the 18th century
  2. Contemporary – Barbie Dolls are the most famous
  3. Celebrity – Shirley Temple is in high demand
  4. Collectible – a variety of vintage dolls
  5. Baby – Newest trend among women and therapy application
  6. Children – huge selections
  7. Ethnic – racial identity
  8. Paper – Inexpensive
  9. Fashion – A must have for fashion designers
  10. Vintage – Dolls which are 50 years old; however some may be considered antique
  11. Metal – Comic figures are the most popular
  12. Puppets
  13. Mechanical and Robot – A favorite among boys and men
  14. Rag – Raggedy Ann and Raggedy Andy
  15. Wood – Russian matryoshka nesting dolls
  16. Straw – a non-permanent doll

Dolls are usually associated as toys for children or a working tool for adults. Other features of dolls concern the needs of men for spiritual, ritual, and magical values.

Dolls may be miniature in size or life-size replicas of human beings. They are constructed with any and all materials that its creator can use to assemble a fantasy or lifelike replica of human beings.

Construction consists of inventive and innovative methods to create fantasy and fun or actual working dolls for utility projects.

Case Knives

There was a time when made in America wasn’t something you had to look for. It was just a given. Today, not so much. We have to look to see if something is made in America, and sometimes it’s much harder to find than one might think. It’s hard to find a business or manufacturer who puts their country and quality before sales and profit. It seems much easier to ship work overseas for cheaper labor, or to buy overseas for a cheaper product. As an end result, the quality of the product and our country suffers.

Now, with this being said, I would like to talk about one manufacturer who has not given in to this downfall. Based in Bradford, PA, W. R. Case & Sons Cutlery Company have been manufacturing knives in America for right at 120 years now. They started in 1889, and are currently owned by Zippo Manufacturing, also based in Bradford, PA. Not only are they one of the few to continually and successfully manufacture knives strictly here in America, but their knives are one of the most recognized and collected in the industry.

W. R. Case & Sons have a wide variety of styles and patterns when it comes to knife making. They have virtually every type of knife one might desire, from hunting knives to everyday pocket knives. As well as, a wide array of materials they use in making their knives. These include things like bone and stag, all the way to mother-of-pearl. The uniqueness and beauty of their knives make them one of the most sought after among collectors. They have many knives to fit this occasion, with their many commemoratives and special editions. W. R. Case & Sons have even been pioneers to some original knife patterns, such as the very popular Sod Buster.

There is more than one benefit to W. R. Case & Sons Cutlery Company being here in the United States. Of course the obvious that makes them such popular and respected knives, the high quality, but there is also the jobs. A Case knife will go through 125 pairs of hands throughout its creation. With that many contributing people, along with the high demand for these knives, there is a large amount of jobs involved. High quality made right here in America, now that’s something to be proud of.

Case now has a program going called “Making A Case For America”. This program is intended to revive some of the down towns of small towns across America. They feel down towns were once very critical to the American way. It wasn’t just one large department store or mall where everyone went to get something cheap. It was a friendly place where you would go to a specific store to get a specific thing. A hardware store to get a tool, a bakery to get some bread, or to a cobbler’s shop for some shoes. These were stores where people new each other by name. Case has always held to these principles by only allowing certain places to sell their knives. You will not find a Case knife for sale just anywhere. You will have to go to a hardware store, cutlery shop, or somewhere of the like.

W. R. Case & Sons Cutlery Company is a prime example of the true American way. It’s not just about money, but more about people, principles, and quality. I believe it is Case’s true American way that has led them to such success.

A Complete Body Sculpting Routine

When choosing a complete body sculpting routine, you need to look at several things: the areas worked, the complexity, and the overall effectiveness. But sometimes, you just want someone to tell you what to do. In this complete body sculpting routine, you will get to workout all of the major muscles groups without a lot of equipment or fancy movements. If you’re a beginner, this routine will be a great place to start your exercise journey.

To begin, this complete body sculpting routine needs to be done every other day, or about two to three times a week. It’s best if you skip a day in between the workout as your muscles need a chance to repair themselves. When you do body sculpting exercises, you’re breaking the muscles down. This is a good thing. When they muscles have time to rest and repair, your muscles become stronger and better toned. If you don’t have time to do the entire workout, you may want to split it up into upper and lower body, but then you will need to still skip a day between each of these groups. For example, you might workout your lower body on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays, and your upper body on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays.

The upper body portion of this complete body sculpting routine should include the following exercises:

* Pushups

* Bench presses

* Bicep curls

* Tricep dips or lifts

* Shoulder presses (military style)

* Shoulder lifts

* Crunches – traditional, lower, and side

There are other exercises that you can include as well, but to start, this upper body workout is hitting all the major muscles groups. You will want to start off with 10 repetitions of these exercises, moving slowly and carefully without weights. As you get the movements down, you can add weights, slowly increasing the weight and then adding additional sets of repetitions as you get fitter.

For your lower body, you will want to follow a complete body sculpting routine that includes:

* Squats

* Deadlifts

* Calf raises

* Leg lifts – outer and inner

While this routine seems much simpler than the upper body routine, the larger muscles in the legs are the reason for fewer exercises. With fewer muscles, you don’t need extra exercises to target them. You can follow the same repetition guidelines as you would for the upper body, though you may need to add weight immediately as your lower body strength tends to be higher naturally.

By following this complete body sculpting routine, you should see results within four to eight weeks. If you include some cardiovascular exercises at the same time, the results will be quicker.

Diabetes Food List

What is a diabetes food list?

Being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is a life-changing event. One of the main challenges is making changes in your diet.

One of the first questions that almost every patient diagnosed with type 2 diabetes asks is “What am I supposed to eat now?”

What you eat is a very important part of maintaining blood sugars in the target range. If a type 2 diabetic has no idea what to eat, being able to control blood sugar levels will be near impossible.

The goal in treating type 2 diabetes successfully is to make lifestyle changes.

My strategy when explaining diet is to keep it simple.

Your mindset should be one of adapting changes that enhance your lifestyle. Find something that works well for you.

There are a lot of websites out there on the Internet touting one diet or another. Some even speak about being able to “reverse type 2 diabetes.”

Recently, the American Diabetes Association made some changes that make it easier for a newly diagnosed diabetic to get into action.

Do diabetes food lists really work?

In the past there was a lot of talk about ‘diabetes food lists’. Diabetes food lists were thought of as restrictive. It’s not likely that a patient is going to follow such a diet for a long time.

The fact is that the foods on a diabetes food list will work for anyone who is committed to a healthy lifestyle.

A diabetes food list helps people living with diabetes understand foods that help maintain the blood sugars within the target range. They will also help to reduce hyperglycemia.

There is a ton of information out there about what makes up a diabetes food list. It’s OK to follow these. But I recommend just using them as a guideline that will help you to adapt healthy food choices.

Here are some of the current recommendations on how to eat healthy while living with type 2 diabetes:

Create your plate

The American Diabetes Association recently did away with the diabetes food pyramid and adapted the “create your plate.” This is a strategy that makes it less overwhelming for someone just diagnosed with type 2 diabetes to get straight into action planning healthy meals.

So here are the steps to create a plate:

  • Take a standard sized dinner plate.
  • Divide it into three sections. Start by dividing in half. Then divide one of the halves in two. There you have three sections. Since it is divided into three sections, one section will be larger.
  • On the larger section of the plate, place you non-starchy vegetables such as broccoli, greens, lettuce, spinach, cucumbers, tomatoes etc.
  • On one of the smaller sections, place your starchy foods like rice (preferably brown rice), grains, corn, pasta, beans etc.
  • On the other small section place a serving of meat or a meat substitute such as turkey, chicken, fish etc.
  • On the side you may add an 8 oz. serving of milk. Or if you are lactose intolerant like a number of adults are, you can have some almond, soy or coconut milk. Water also works just fine.
  • Then a small serving of fruit. Preferably fresh fruit.

You have created your plate

Carbohydrate Counting

One of the important strategies for a person living with type 2 diabetes is to know the amount of sugars they are eating. This will help to reduce the complication of hyperglycemia.

Up till the mid 1990s, carbohydrates were touted as being bad for anyone with diabetes. Now we know that to not entirely be the case. Naturally everything, including carbohydrates, must be eaten in moderation.

A great tool is carbohydrate counting or “carb counting” as it is popularly called.

The strategy is to round up the total amount of carbohydrates that you are allowed in a day. And divide this equally among your meals – including snacks.

One of the advantages of carbohydrate counting is that it reduces the tendency for the blood sugar levels to fluctuate. This helps to prevent huge swings in insulin levels that could lead to fluctuations in blood sugar levels.

If you plan to use carbohydrate counting exclusively, then you may need the assistance of a nutritionist. They will help to customize a meal plan for you.

A good place to start is between 45-60 grams of carbohydrates per day.

Remember that carbohydrates are in starchy foods like breads, grains and pasta. They are also in fruits and vegetables, milk products.

Reading food labels makes it easier to measure how much carbohydrates you are getting in a meal.

What are Diabetes Super Foods?

The American Diabetes Association has a list of ten super foods that it recommends. I love the way that certain foods get tagged as “super foods.”

Just as I like to point out, these “super foods” should be a part of the diet of anyone looking to live healthy.

The added benefit for a diabetic is that these foods help to give extra nutrients and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium. In addition they also contain powerful antioxidants.

These super foods help to not only control blood sugar levels. But also maintain the health of the cell membranes.

So here are the top ten super foods that everyone should be eating:

  • Berries of all kinds (blueberries, strawberries, raspberries etc.)
  • Dark leafy vegetables– such as spinach, kale and asparagus
  • Beans– all varieties. Beans are high in fiber and low in glycemic index
  • Fish particularly fish that is rich in omega 3 sources such as salmon, herring, sardines
  • Fat free milk & yoghurt
  • Nuts
  • Tomatoes
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Whole grains that have not been processed
  • Citrus fruits

This is by no means an exhaustive list of all the healthy ways to eat as a diabetic.

It is my hope that this article will answer the question, ‘What am I supposed to eat?’

Covered Bridges

Covered Bridges first appeared in the U.S. around 1805, but the history of these monuments to another age date back thousands of years to China. Covered bridges had also existed in Europe since medieval times and there were once hundreds of them in Switzerland, Austria and Germany.

But it’s here in the Northeastern U.S., where wooden covered bridge design and construction reached its pinnacle in the nineteenth century. A combination of pressing need, plentiful old growth northern forests, and sheer Yankee ingenuity, advanced the development of wooden covered bridges to a rare combination of marvelous engineering feats that were also pleasing to the eye.


The northeast is a region of rivers, streams and creeks. As the population surged out away from coastal areas into the forested interior, villages sprung up near water sources. The water source was used to power mills in these towns, and villages often developed on both banks of a stream or river. Bridges were the obvious answer to connect these divided communities, and provide access for townsfolk to things like school, worship, and supplies.

But why cover them?

While much speculation has been put forth on this topic; the simple answer is protection against the weather for the bridge. Here in New England, where I live, covered wooden bridges last about three times as long as those exposed to the elements, and reduce bridge maintenance as well. During the 19th and early 20th century very few bridges built were not covered.


Most historians agree the first covered bridge in America was The Permanent Bridge completed in 1805 in Pennsylvania, originally designed by Timothy Palmer from New England. The longest known covered bridge is The Hartland in New Brunswick, Canada, which at 1,282 feet spans the Saint John River.

But perhaps the most famous covered bridges are in Madison County, Iowa. The Bridges of Madison County used to number 19, but today only six survive. Robert James Waller’s novel, and the movie of the same name, popularized these bridges to millions worldwide, and also provided evidence that covered bridges in North America are by no means limited to the Northeast region.

A question often asked is why so many of the bridges are painted red on the outside?

Historians believe the red coating makes the bridge seem more like a barn to a horse, and as horses tended to be skittish about crossing above flowing water, the illusion helped farmers and travelers navigate the obstacle with little incident from their four-legged friends.


As the twentieth century progressed bridge construction changed and metal manufactured truss bridges became first choice over wood. The ease of construction, increased strength, and low cost of these metal bridges became too overwhelming to ignore for budget conscious communities in the U.S.

The “work horse” bridges of the 19th century gave way to economics, and most wooden covered bridges in the U.S. quickly disappeared, except for the 800 left for admirers to view today. Though many of the remaining covered bridges still carry traffic – even cars – most are kept and maintained for tourism, and as a reminder of our heritage.


For sheer volume Pennsylvania and Vermont take honors, accounting for well over a third of the remaining bridges.

Self-guided tours are also popular in New England for covered bridge vacations, particularly in Vermont and New Hampshire where many of the bridges are close to other destination and attraction spots.

As a covered bridge enthusiast I can tell you half the fun is finding the bridges. The major highways bypassed the roads where most bridges are located many years ago, making the remoteness of a covered bridge sometimes an adventure in locating. While covered bridges make ideal photo opportunities there’s much more to view than just a pretty picture.

Experts suggest appreciating the bridge by first taking in the design and massive timbers used in the framework. For authentic bridges these timbers came from virgin forests where 100 feet high trees were common.

As you view an authentic covered bridge remember it was built for a simple functional purpose – getting from one bank to other. But it was constructed with the skill and care of craftsmen, who’ve unwittingly left a rich heritage for future generations to enjoy. Treasure these woodworking masterpieces as you travel rural North America, and rediscover a symbol of the pioneering spirit that embraced both U.S. and Canada during the nineteenth century.

A Sense Of Good Humor

The year was 1920 in Youngstown, Ohio, when Harry Burt, who owned an ice cream and candy shop, created a unique chocolate coating for his ice cream. While his daughter liked the taste she deemed it messy to eat, so his son suggested freezing the coated ice cream and inserting a stick. Already selling lollipops, Dad patterned the treat after his Jolly Boy Suckers, and the ice cream bar was born. Closely resembling the invention of an Iowa entrepreneur who had come up with the Eskimo Pie a year earlier, Burt ran (or rather drove) with it, executing his unique distribution of taking the product to his customers rather than waiting for them to come to his shop. Apparently great minds think alike, because several years later the Popsicle was born but made with frozen fruit-flavored juices, not ice cream.

Product pictures were on the outside of the truck but we didn’t need them, since we all had our favorites, and the Good Humor man always knew which little door to open, extracting our requests in a flash. On busy city streets, push carts often flanked sidewalks with a limited selection, but one thing that never changed was the instantly recognizable drawing of the chocolate-covered ice cream bar.

The Good Humor name obviously was derived from America’s love of sweets and the up-and-coming ice cream novelty business. Not much has changed since then except the large selection of frozen treats now available, but clearly Good Humor was a pioneer. In an effort to distribute his new creation, Although somewhat primitive in the 1920s, Burt came up with early vending trucks equipped with tinkling bells to alert children that frozen treats were in the neighborhood, a clever and inventive way to merchandise his newfound creation. It was an instant hit. Push carts soon followed to capture city dwellers and not clog up street traffic. The Good Humor Man in his starched white uniform was a minor celebrity on his route and became a household name in the 50s and 60s, often featured in movies.

Not surprising, the company recognized the importance of mass distribution in grocery stores, and during the mid-1970s Good Humor bars took their rightful place alongside Popsicles and Eskimo Pies. Merging with Popsicle and Klondike, the three now dominate the novelty ice cream market.

Although Klondike reigns as America’s most popular ice cream bar, the addition of the Oreo Ice Cream sandwich tops Good Humor brand’s repertoire (not surprising, with the wildly popular Oreo Cookie taste) followed by Strawberry Shortcake in second place and Chocolate Eclair a close third. Sadly, some of the original classics, like Chocolate Malt, are no longer on the menu but linger in the memories of many Boomers (including this author’s).

Although the familiar white truck of the 40s and 50s has all but disappeared, and many other choices have popped up in supermarket freezers, the sight and sound of that truck will remain indelibly in the minds and hearts of Boomers, and nothing else will ever quite take their place.

How Television Can Affect The Development Of Children’s Behaviour

Our children devote much of their free time to watching television – seemingly captivated by the screen. Some of the parents do use television as babysitter too! The children have continuously contact with the screen, I do wonder how the television programmes influence the way they understand and interpret both the content and the world in which they live in. Although children have everyday contact with other media and many other forms of expression and communication, visual media alone are seen as speaking “universal language” accessible regardless of age. Hence, I strongly believe that television programme does influence on children’s attitudes, knowledge and behaviour.

Parents play an important to controlling children watching television. It is essential that parents play an active role in educating their children that television is only a form of leisure activity and they should not be addicted to it. Children can relax and learn through television programmes but parents should be able to select and filter the different programmes that are suitable and catered for their children. There are some programmes on television that give bad influence and wrong interpretation of reality, and that can affect the cognitive development of children. There are too many prejudices and stereotypes put through the media, which can influence what children see and think.

Watching too much of television can actually destroy a child’s communication, social skills. It can also affect the child’s emotional development. Through the screen, everything is visual and real. It is difficult not to believe what you see and thus, for children, when they watch television, they absorb everything that is being shown. Children learn through their visual senses and process it cognitively. If they were to watch non-educational programmes, there might be a tendency that the child would learn and mimic what he sees. Their communication and social skills is influenced by what they see and learn from the television. This can be rather unhealthy.

Many parents often question me why are their child shows aggressive behaviour so often in both school and home and that they are usually imitating the actions of the cartoon characters that they have watched in the television. Hence, I believe that this sentiment goes out to many parents with young children and pre-school teachers.

Through observations, I realised that many behaviours are learned quickly through observation and imitation of others rather than gradually through the shaping process. They observed what is being showed on the television and displayed this aggression to others. These aggressions are very common in our young children now. Thus, I strongly believe that television can largely affect the behaviours of our young children.

Adults’ attitude toward watching television is very important. We cannot simply use television as a source of babysitter for our children. Instead, they should use it as an educational tool for our children to take their step into learning like showing children educational programme like Shapes ABC, etc. Hence, as parents and pre-school educators, we should preview the programme before allowing our children to watch it. We can talk to children about what they have watched and share with them our own beliefs and values. It is our responsibilities to let our child know what is right and what is wrong!

Hence, caregivers should give them more opportunities of exploring and experiencing with the world instead of gluing them to the television. In order to prevent this aggressive behaviour, parents should really consider the type of programme they show to their child. Children use their five senses and movement to experience and explore the world that they live in. Hence, we should offer them with more fun activities rather than having them spending hours in front of the television.

Television does play an important role in our children’s life. It is a good tool for our children if we know how to control and make use for their learning opportunity. However, there are too many programmes on television that content violent which may leads to aggression in our children’s behaviours if we do not supervise them wisely.